Tag Archives: phpMyAdmin

iRedMail on Nginx

This is my experiment to get iRedMail to work with Nginx. In the end I got everything to work other than awstats, although with some caveats. I don’t like awstats very much and it seemed quite troublesome to get it setup. There is a mode to run awstats in that lets it just generate static files, which to me seem to be a better solution. I did testing only on Debian 6.0.7, although it should also work in Ubuntu just fine. It was also limited testing on brand new VMs.

So I am starting out with a brand new Debian 6.0.7 system. First things first we setup our hosts and hostname file. For my test environment I used mail.debian.test as my test environment. Then I grabbed the latest iRedMail which happened to be 0.8.3 at the time of writing this. I did this via wget in a ssh session. I had to install bzip2 to “tar -xf” it, so a quick “apt-get install bzip2” resolved that. I then ran the iRedMail installer and let it complete.

Now to stop apache services for good:

Optionally we can run “apt-get remove apache2” to get rid of apache binaries as well.

Now, I needed Nginx and php5-fpm (as I prefer fpm). This takes a little work as Debian 6.0.7 doesn’t have it in its default sources. This would have been easier on Ubuntu.

What I did her is first install nginx and curl. Then I added dotdeb to the sources list, added its key and then updated my sources. Finally I was able to install fpm.
Now that the applications are in place, I need to write their configuration files. Here is the list of files I will be using:
Nginx’s iRedMail site configuration file
php5’s FPM iRedMail web pool file
iRedMail init.d file to launch the iredadmin pyton webservice

During additional testing I uploaded the files and just used curl to put them into place. The init.d script is borrowed from the web (exactly where I can’t remember as I used bites and pieces from multiple places). However I don’t feel the need to write out or explain in great detail all off the changes.

You will need to modify the nginx file (/etc/nginx/sites-available/iRedMail) to contain the correct domain. As well you will need an additional dns enter for iredadmin.domain.tld (in my case iredadmin.debian.test). If this is your only/first ssl site or you prefer it to be default you will need to adjust the ssl section. I added comments to explain that. Nginx expects a default website and if none exist it won’t start.

As for the additional domain, I tried my best, but it seems there is no way to have the perl script to be aware its in a sub directory and pass the correct urls to its output templates. Although the template has the capability to do a homepath variable, this seems to be set from ctx in perl which from my limited knowledge I don’t believe is changeable via environment/server variables. I also didn’t see a way to change that in any setting. Hopefully the iRedMail developers can make this change in future versions.
The good news is the iRedMail developers had foresight to setup the script to run very smoothly as a stanalone python web server via a cgi socket. So no additional work to make that run is needed. I had hoped to use the iredapd service to launch this, but it appears to crash and fail horribly. So I setup a second instance to do this.

Now just a little more work to activate the new service, link the file as a live nginx site and restart some services.

Thats it. Now when I hit mail.debian.test I get the webmail portal. When I access iredadmin.debian.test I get the admin portal. phpmyadmin is also setup on mail.debian.test/phpmyadmin

Setting this up for Ubuntu should be easier, as 12.04 has php5-fpm in its packages so there is no need to add in the dotdeb resources. Everything else would be the same for it.

Nginx has always been flaky for me while doing Ipv6 services. I intended to include them but it just wasn’t playing nicely enough. Sometimes just doing [::]:80 to a listen will make it listen. Other times I have to specify it twice (and it doesn’t complain). Then again if I try it on 443 using [::]:443 nginx may not want to start at all, while it accepted [::]:80 just fine. So because of how picky it can be at times, I just opted to go with ipv4 only support here.

Read More

phpMyAdmin using login with nginx behind a https auth login

The title may be confusing, but I am sure it is related to how I have things setup. I have phpMyAdmin setup to use http login, which means it gives a login form for me to log into phpMyAdmin. phpMyAdmin is on a protected folder with a auth basic login setup (so a dual auth is required to access my database). This is all behind https.

The problem as been that after I login, is phpMyAdmin will redirect to http://domain.tld:443/phpmyadmin/index.php[…]
This causes Nginx to complain that a redirect to a https port coming from a http protocol. Nginx won’t even do the redirect to https protocol even though I have that setup.

I know the blame here is phpMyAdmin. It took some time to figure out why and sadly a solution in phpMyAdmin isn’t the easiest. It is much easier to fix in the Nginx configuration.

The issue is that HTTPS is not set in the server environment variables. So phpMyAdmin detects the port mismatch and when it fixes up the url, it includes the port (since it doesn’t detect HTTPS on and the port is not 80).

The simplest solution is just to add this to my fastcgi_params. Since the location of phpMyAdmin is behinds its own domain that always uses https, I don’t have to worry about the variable being set where it shouldn’t.

I also show a HTTP_SCHEME environment variable. phpMyAdmin will also detect this if it doesn’t detect HTTPS is on. Either one of these should work. I only tested the first but the second is looked at in the phpMyAdmin config test and it bypasses all the other scheme checks.

Read More

Highslide for Wordpress Plugin